Estradiol-17β and bisphenol A affect growth and mineralization in early life stages of seabass - EPHE - École pratique des hautes études Access content directly
Journal Articles Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology Year : 2024

Estradiol-17β and bisphenol A affect growth and mineralization in early life stages of seabass

Abstract

Natural and synthetic estrogens are contaminants present in aquatic ecosystems. They can have significant consequences on the estrogen-sensitive functions of organisms, including skeletal development and growth of vertebrate larvae. Synthetic polyphenols represent a group of environmental xenoestrogens capable of binding the receptors for the natural hormone estradiol-17β (E2). To better understand how (xeno-)estrogens can affect the skeleton in fish species with high ecological and commercial interest, 16 days post-hatch larvae of the seabass were experimentally exposed for 7 days to E2 and Bisphenol A (BPA), both used at the regulatory concentration of surface water quality (E2: 0.4 ng.L− 1, BPA: 1.6 μg.L− 1) or at a concentration 100 times higher. Skeletal mineralization levels were evaluated using Alizarin red staining, and expression of several genes playing key roles in growth, skeletogenesis and estrogen signaling pathways was assessed by qPCR. Our results show that E2 exerts an overall negative effect on skeletal mineralization at the environmental concentration of 0.4 ng.L− 1, correlated with an increase in the expression of genes associated only with osteoblast bone cells. Both BPA exposures inhibited mineralization with less severe effects and modified bone homeostasis by regulating the expression of gene encoding osteoblasts and osteoclasts markers. Our results demonstrate that environmental E2 exposure inhibits larval growth and has an additional inhibitory effect on skeleton mineralization while both BPA exposures have marginal inhibitory effect on skeletal mineralization. All exposures have significant effects on transcriptional levels of genes involved in the skeletal development of seabass larvae.
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Dates and versions

hal-04551535 , version 1 (18-04-2024)

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Camille Martinand-Mari, Melanie Debiais-Thibaud, Eric Potier, Eric Gasset, Gilbert Dutto, et al.. Estradiol-17β and bisphenol A affect growth and mineralization in early life stages of seabass. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2024, 281, pp.109921. ⟨10.1016/j.cbpc.2024.109921⟩. ⟨hal-04551535⟩
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