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Journal Articles Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science Year : 2024

A Multilab Replication of the Induced-Compliance Paradigm of Cognitive Dissonance

David Vaidis (1) , Willem Sleegers (2) , Florian van Leeuwen (2) , Kenneth Demarree (3) , Bjørn Sætrevik (4) , Robert Ross (5) , Kathleen Schmidt , John Protzko (6) , Coby Morvinski (7) , Omid Ghasemi (8) , Andrew Roberts (5) , Jeff Stone (6) , Alexandre Bran (9) , Amélie Gourdon-Kanhukamwe (10) , Ceren Gunsoy (11) , Lisa Moussaoui (12) , Andrew Smith (13) , Armelle Nugier (14, 15) , Marie-Pierre Fayant (16) , Ali Al-Hoorie (17) , Obed Appiah (18) , Spencer Arbige (19) , Benjamin Aubert-Teillaud (9) , Olga Bialobrzeska (20) , Stéphanie Bordel (21) , Valerian Boudjemadi (22) , Hilmar Brohmer (23) , Quinn Cabooter , Mehdi Chahir , Ianis Chassang (22) , Armand Chatard (24) , Yu Yang Chou , Sungeun Chung , Mioara Cristea , Joséphine Daga , Gregory Depow , Olivier Desrichard , Dmitrii Dubrov , Thomas Evans , Séverine Falkowicz , Sylvain Ferreira , Tim Figureau , Valérie Fointiat , Théo Friedrich (22) , Anastasia Gashkova , Fabien Girandola , Marine Granjon (22) , Dmitry Grigoryev , Gul Gunaydin , Şevval Güzel , Mahsa Hazrati , Mai Helmy , Ayumi Ikeda , Michael Inzlicht , Sara Jaubert , Dauren Kasanov , Mohammad Mohsen Khoddami , Taenyun Kim , Kiyoshi Kiyokawa , Rabia Kodapanakkal , Alexandra Kosachenko , Kortney Maedge , John Mahaney , Marie-Amélie Martinie (24) , Vitor Mascheretti , Yoriko Matsuda , Maxime Mauduy , Nicolas Mauny , Armand Metzen , Eva Moreno-Bella , Miguel Moya , Kévin Nadarajah , Pegah Nejat , Elisabeth Norman , Irmak Olcaysoy Okten , Asil Özdoğru , Ceyda Ozer , Elena Padial-Rojas , Yuri Pavlov , Monica Perusquia-Hernandez , Dora Proost , Aleksandra Rabinovitch , Odile Rohmer (22) , Emre Selcuk , Cécile Sénémeaud , Yaniv Shani , Elena Shmeleva , Emmelie Simoens , Kaitlin Smith , Alain Somat , Hayeon Song , Fatih Sonmez , Lionel Souchet , John Taylor , Ilja van Beest , Nicolas Van der Linden , Steven Verheyen , Bruno Verschuere , Kevin Vezirian , Luc Vieira , Sera Wiechert , Guillermo Willis , Robin Wollast , Ji Xia , Yuki Yamada , Naoto Yoshimura , Daniel Priolo (25)
Florian van Leeuwen
Kenneth Demarree
Bjørn Sætrevik
Robert Ross
Kathleen Schmidt
John Protzko
Coby Morvinski
Amélie Gourdon-Kanhukamwe
Andrew Smith
Ali Al-Hoorie
Quinn Cabooter
  • Function : Author
Mehdi Chahir
  • Function : Author
Yu Yang Chou
Sungeun Chung
Mioara Cristea
  • Function : Author
Joséphine Daga
  • Function : Author
Gregory Depow
Olivier Desrichard
Dmitrii Dubrov
Thomas Evans
Séverine Falkowicz
  • Function : Author
Sylvain Ferreira
Tim Figureau
Valérie Fointiat
  • Function : Author
Anastasia Gashkova
  • Function : Author
Fabien Girandola
  • Function : Author
Dmitry Grigoryev
Gul Gunaydin
Şevval Güzel
  • Function : Author
Mahsa Hazrati
  • Function : Author
Mai Helmy
  • Function : Author
Ayumi Ikeda
Michael Inzlicht
  • Function : Author
Sara Jaubert
  • Function : Author
Dauren Kasanov
  • Function : Author
Mohammad Mohsen Khoddami
  • Function : Author
Taenyun Kim
  • Function : Author
Kiyoshi Kiyokawa
  • Function : Author
Rabia Kodapanakkal
  • Function : Author
Alexandra Kosachenko
Kortney Maedge
  • Function : Author
John Mahaney
  • Function : Author
Vitor Mascheretti
  • Function : Author
Yoriko Matsuda
  • Function : Author
Maxime Mauduy
  • Function : Author
Nicolas Mauny
Armand Metzen
  • Function : Author
Eva Moreno-Bella
  • Function : Author
Miguel Moya
  • Function : Author
Kévin Nadarajah
Pegah Nejat
Elisabeth Norman
  • Function : Author
Irmak Olcaysoy Okten
Asil Özdoğru
Ceyda Ozer
Elena Padial-Rojas
  • Function : Author
Yuri Pavlov
Monica Perusquia-Hernandez
Dora Proost
  • Function : Author
Aleksandra Rabinovitch
Odile Rohmer
Emre Selcuk
Cécile Sénémeaud
  • Function : Author
Yaniv Shani
Elena Shmeleva
  • Function : Author
Emmelie Simoens
  • Function : Author
Kaitlin Smith
Alain Somat
Hayeon Song
  • Function : Author
Fatih Sonmez
Lionel Souchet
John Taylor
  • Function : Author
Ilja van Beest
  • Function : Author
Nicolas Van der Linden
Steven Verheyen
  • Function : Author
Bruno Verschuere
Kevin Vezirian
Luc Vieira
  • Function : Author
Sera Wiechert
Guillermo Willis
  • Function : Author
Robin Wollast
Ji Xia
  • Function : Author
Yuki Yamada
Naoto Yoshimura
  • Function : Author

Abstract

According to cognitive-dissonance theory, performing counterattitudinal behavior produces a state of dissonance that people are motivated to resolve, usually by changing their attitude to be in line with their behavior. One of the most popular experimental paradigms used to produce such attitude change is the induced-compliance paradigm. Despite its popularity, the replication crisis in social psychology and other fields, as well as methodological limitations associated with the paradigm, raise concerns about the robustness of classic studies in this literature. We therefore conducted a multilab constructive replication of the induced-compliance paradigm based on Croyle and Cooper (Experiment 1). In a total of 39 labs from 19 countries and 14 languages, participants ( N = 4,898) were assigned to one of three conditions: writing a counterattitudinal essay under high choice, writing a counterattitudinal essay under low choice, or writing a neutral essay under high choice. The primary analyses failed to support the core hypothesis: No significant difference in attitude was observed after writing a counterattitudinal essay under high choice compared with low choice. However, we did observe a significant difference in attitude after writing a counterattitudinal essay compared with writing a neutral essay. Secondary analyses revealed the pattern of results to be robust to data exclusions, lab variability, and attitude assessment. Additional exploratory analyses were conducted to test predictions from cognitive-dissonance theory. Overall, the results call into question whether the induced-compliance paradigm provides robust evidence for cognitive dissonance.
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hal-04443137 , version 1 (07-02-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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David Vaidis, Willem Sleegers, Florian van Leeuwen, Kenneth Demarree, Bjørn Sætrevik, et al.. A Multilab Replication of the Induced-Compliance Paradigm of Cognitive Dissonance. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 2024, 7 (1), pp.1-26. ⟨10.1177/25152459231213375⟩. ⟨hal-04443137⟩
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